Health [/category/health/] Social Impact [/category/social-impact/]
Take a deep breath â€” you may
not like whatâ€™s up in the air
Alumna says alarming statistics about pollutants may not be registering
with the public
[/author/laura-paisley/] BY Laura Paisley [/author/laura-paisley/]
JULY 15, 2014
n Los Angeles and Orange counties in the past year, the oil industry has used more
than 45 million pounds of toxic air pollutants as part of its 477 hydraulic fracturing
(fracking), acidizing and oil extraction operations.
More than half of the associated oil wells were located within 1,500 feet of a home, school
or hospital. One well was 12 feet from a house.
This does not sit well with Angela Johnson Meszaros â€™91, JD â€™94.
Through her work as general counsel at Physicians for Social Responsibility-Los Angeles
(PSRâ€“LA), Johnson Meszaros ensures that public health professionals are engaged in
environmental public health policy and support of community-based efforts to protect
â€œThe main part of my job is working on programs, and my area of focus is air quality,â€ the
San Francisco Bay Area native said. â€œBut the big chunk of my work these days is focused
on oil and gas extraction, and in particular weâ€™ve been researching the health impacts of oil
Around Los Angeles people always
say, â€˜Oh, the air is so much better now
than it used to be,â€™ which may well be
true, but itâ€™s still really bad.
Angela Johnson Meszaros
A significant amount of air toxics are used as part of the
extraction of oil and gas. (Photo/Massimo Catarinella)
and gas extraction in Los Angeles.â€
The above findings came from a recent
report on air toxics generated by several
local organizations as part of a campaign
to analyze the chemicals being used and
push for air monitoring at the oil wells.
Partner organizations included PSRâ€“LA;
the Center for Biological Diversity;
Communities for a Better Environment;
and the Center on Race, Poverty and the
PSRâ€“LA is a physician and health advocate organization dedicated to protecting public
health from environmental toxins, informing policymakers about toxic threats, promoting
safer practices and strengthening grassroots environmental advocacy efforts.
The alarming statistics in the report often donâ€™t register with the general public, Johnson
Meszaros said. In reality, a very significant amount of air toxics are utilized as part of the
â€œThis points to a bigger question,â€ she said, referring to the well that is located 12 feet from
a house. â€œWhat does it look like to do this kind of activity in a dense urban fabric like Los
Itâ€™s a secret
The report also touched on the industryâ€™s use of trade secrets protection. Oil companies
argue that disclosing the names of the chemicals theyâ€™re using as part of the oil extraction
process aids their competitors. Consequently, these companies invoked the trade secret
law more than 5,000 times in the past year. About 1,000 of the chemicals they designated
as trade secrets were also marked as air toxics.
Toxic air pollutants are known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects,
such as reproductive or birth defects, or adverse environmental effects.
â€œOur report is meant to raise policy questions because weâ€™re going to have to make some
policy decisions about whether or not this is prudent,â€ the USC alumna said. â€œHere we are,
actually bringing harm to peopleâ€™s communities, and if weâ€™re successful what we get is a
Angela Johnson Meszaros works in
environmental justice. (Photo/Ana
bunch of oil. And then we burn that oil, which has its own host of health effects.â€
Johnson Meszaros also focuses on policy related to the broader air quality issues for Los
In addition to high rates of smog-related asthma and bronchitis, high levels of particulate
matter in the air resulting from burning fossil fuels have been linked in studies with lung
cancer, heart disease, brain disease, low birth rate and even autism.
â€œAround Los Angeles people always say, â€˜Oh, the air is so much better now than it used to
be,â€™ which may well be true, but itâ€™s still really bad. More people die from breathing the air
in the South Coast Air Basin than in any other air basin in the country.â€
Before entering the world of environmental justice,
Johnson Meszaros started out as a philosophy major
at USC Dornsife, earning her bachelorâ€™s degree.
In the philosophy department, she noted that
Associate Professor Janet Levin in particular
encouraged her to consider what she wanted to do
with her life and career. Levin also invited her to join
her graduate seminar as an undergraduate student.
â€œI was the first person in my family to go to college,
so Janet had an important impact on me in terms of
considering the range of opportunities that were now
available to me, things I had never really thought
She continued her education at the USC Gould
School of Law. In a civil rights course, Mark
Rosenbaum, now chief counsel of the American Civil
Liberties Union of Southern California, discussed the
issue of childhood lead poisoning. The class learned
about the social and economic dynamics of who is poisoned and how it happens â€” most
often low-income children of color who are living in substandard housing.
â€œHere was a space where for the first time people were talking about class and color, what
that means and how that impacts people,â€ she said. â€œIt wasnâ€™t the traditional conversation
about access to schooling, jobs and things like that, but this whole other world. Thatâ€™s
when I realized that I really wanted to work on these issues.â€
To Johnson Meszaros, environmental justice is also about ensuring that people who are
impacted are involved in decision-making.
â€œI work with the people who are affected, so that they have the tools and information they
need to be included in the decision-making processes that will have such profound impacts
on their lives.â€
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