OVERVIEW OF THE FOUR ETHICAL LENSESâ„¢
As you work through the scenario, you are responsible for holding the perspective, questions, and values of these lenses. To help you remember what
those are you can refer to this chart:
Rights/Responsibilities Lens Results Lens
Using this vantage point is like looking through a telescope: we
take a very long view focusing on the universal ideal values that
are important for human beings.
Using this vantage point is like looking through a microscope:
our attention narrowly focuses on present circumstances as we
make choices that help us reach goals we have set for our life.
Rationality (Head) and Autonomy (Individual) Core Values Sensibility (Heart) and Autonomy (Individual)
Âƒ Fulfills the rights and responsibilities of the ethical actor
Âƒ Is done with care and concern for the other individual concerns
Âƒ Allows you to delight in your work as you carry out your duties
Definition of an Ethical Act
Âƒ Has good results
Âƒ Creates the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
Âƒ Serves the greater good resulting in harmony and satisfaction for many
Principles: rules that guide individuals to appropriate behavior Human Task Ideal goals: results that we want to accomplish
Âƒ Honesty and responsibility Foundational Values Âƒ Prudence
Âƒ Respect for self and others
Âƒ Truthfulness and transparency
Âƒ Freedom of conscience
Âƒ Free speech
Âƒ Maximizing satisfaction
Âƒ Flexibility and creativity
Âƒ Responsible choice
Âƒ I was doing my duty
Âƒ I was following the rules Justification for Actions Âƒ I make people happy
Âƒ Itâ€™s a win-win solution that respects everyone
Âƒ What are the rules?
Âƒ What are my rights and responsibilities?
Âƒ How do I act in a caring way?
Âƒ What will make me happy?
Âƒ What consequences am I willing to tolerate?
Âƒ What are mutually good results?
I am responsible Key Phrase I make choices that are good for everyone
Âƒ Seeks self knowledge
Âƒ Acts from guiding principles
Âƒ Celebrates being accountable
Âƒ Seeks harmonized goals
Âƒ Acts from free will
Âƒ Celebrates creative change
Belief that the motive justifies the method Blind Spots Satisfied with too little good
Âƒ Being judgmental
Âƒ Criticizing everyone for their ethics Vices and Risks Âƒ Reducing decisions to cost-benefit analysis
Âƒ Becoming greedy
Âƒ Exhaustion Hubris and Crises Âƒ Expedience
Âƒ Focus on the ideals you want to accomplish
Âƒ Ask people how they want to be treated
Âƒ Treat people as â€œfully functional adultsâ€
Checklist for Action
Âƒ Focus on the abundance you want to create
Âƒ Provide what makes people happy
Âƒ Hold people accountable for their choices
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Overview of The Four Lensesâ„¢
Relationship Lens Reputation Lens
Using this vantage point is like looking through binoculars: we
focus on the playing field of our own community as we seek
Using this vantage point is like looking through a camera: we
capture pictures that focus on persons, or people, that help us
identify the ethical requirements of the roles we have in this life.
Rationality (Head) and Equality (Community) Core Values Sensibility (Heart) and Equality (Community)
Âƒ Creates a fair system for resolution of disputes
Âƒ Cares for all members and institutions of the community, especially in
the allocation of resources and power
Âƒ Contributes to each member of the community knowing that they are a
part of â€œall that isâ€
Definition of an Ethical Act
Âƒ Consistent with a good character for the particular role
Âƒ Made with an awareness of the interplay of mind and emotions
Âƒ Supports and enhances the meaning you have given to your life
Justice: assuring that all in the community are treated fairly Human Task Virtues: qualities of character that let us be effective in the community
Âƒ Fairness Foundational Values Âƒ Fortitude
Âƒ Compassion and responsibility
Âƒ Fair treatment and administration of rules
Âƒ Appropriate blame
Âƒ Fair compensation
Âƒ Transparent due process
Âƒ Virtues of role
Âƒ I wanted to make sure everyone was treated the same
Âƒ It is only fair Justification for Actions Âƒ It was a hard call, but as a leader I had no choice
Âƒ It was the best for all
Âƒ What is equal/equitable?
Âƒ What is a fair process?
Âƒ Is the power appropriately balanced?
Âƒ What action would set a good example?
Âƒ What virtues do my roles require?
Âƒ What does my conscience tell me to do?
I am fair Key Phrase I make virtuous choices
Âƒ Seeks justice and fairness
Âƒ Acts from concern for the least advantaged
Âƒ Celebrates healthy institutions
Âƒ Seeks wisdom
Âƒ Acts from principled leadership
Âƒ Celebrates moral courage
Overconfidence in process Blind Spots Unrealistic role expectations
Âƒ Being overbearing and authoritarian
Âƒ Becoming an ambitious elitist Vices and Risks Âƒ Self-righteousness
Âƒ Becoming hard-hearted
Âƒ Isolation and grief Hubris and Crises Âƒ Entitlement
Âƒ Ask: What processes and safeguards do we need to ensure fairness?
Âƒ Listen for where people perceive that injustice is being done
Âƒ Make sure the processes have a purpose and fulfill that purpose
Checklist for Action
Âƒ Consider the role of individuals and the company
Âƒ Seek excellence in all that you do
Âƒ Consider the end of life questions
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Overview of The Four Lensesâ„¢
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